From 2004 to 2011, Dr. Pangestu served as Indonesia’s Minister of Trade, representing Indonesia in multilateral, regional, and bilateral trade negotiations; coordinating the developing countries bloc (G33) in the WTO; and playing a leadership role in ASEAN during Indonesia’s year as chair.
In October 2011, Dr. Pangestu was named Indonesia’s first Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy. In that role, she created a strategy and institutional structure to foster the continued growth of Indonesia’s large tourism industry, and support the creative economy in both its traditional and high-tech sectors.
Dr. Pangestu was nominated as a candidate for the position of director-general of the World Trade Organization in 2013.
Since leaving public service, Dr. Pangestu has been a professor of international economics at the University of Indonesia. An economist specializing in international trade, the financial sector, macroeconomics, and policy reforms, she has previously taught at universities in Indonesia, Singapore, Australia, and the United States, and has been a visiting fellow at the Rand Corporation. She holds a PhD from the University of California, Davis, as well as bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the Australian National University in Canberra.